Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis)

by Renee Lindstrom, GCFP–Living in Natures Love Lifestyles insideawareness.com)

tea kettleEdibleMortarDyedeer

Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis) Photo by Renee Lindstrom

Also known as:  Evening Star,  Butter Rose, Cowslip, Fever Plant & King’s Cure-all, Sun Cup

Uses: Culinary, Medicinal, Tea

Parts used: Flowers, Leaves, Stems, Roots

Preparation:  Cosmetics, Essential Oil, Flower Essence, Infused Honey & Oils, Recipes, Tinctures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


  • Symbolizes:   Life of Fulfillment
  • Language of Flowers: Fickleness, faithlessness, sweet memories
  • Associated with: Protection, Love & Luck
  • Chakras:  Root, Sacral & Heart
  • Element:  Water
  • Governed by:  Moon
This post may contain Affiliate Links for your convenience, thank you in advance for your support!  Renee

Culinary

All parts of the evening Primrose can be integrated into ones diet.  The roots can be eaten raw or cooked as a vegetable.  They grow large and are similar in appearance to parsnips and can be cooked like potatoes, carrots or parsnips.  One can add them fresh or dried to soups and , stews.  The leaves can be added to salad or steamed if tough and flowers can be added to salads and used as garnish or decoration on cakes, custards and puddings.

The seed pods can be roasted or when dried the seeds inside can be ground and added to smoothies, shakes, cereals, breads, muffins, etc.

Health & Wellness

“A study by the Highland Psychiatric Research Group at the Draig Dunain Hospital, Inverness, Scotland, found that evening primrose encouraged regeneration of liver cells damaged by alcohol consumption. Other researchers think it may also prevent alcoholic poisoning, hangovers, postdrink depression and alcohol withdrawal. It is thought to stop alcohol from damaging brain cells by bolstering them with unsaturated fats”  Herbalpedia

  • Evening Primrose has:
    • protein
    • carbohydrates
    • beta carotene
    • calcium
    • potassium
    • vitamin B3
    • Omega-6
    • amino acid tryptophan
    • bioflavonoid quercetin
  • Herbal Actions:
    • Gentle Sedative & Mood Enhancer – relaxing, grounding and uplifting
    • Anti-spasmodic – PMS cramping
    • Endocrine System  – relaxing
    • First Aid – bruised cuts, scratches, bug bites & stings
    • Digestion – stimulant, cooling & healing inflammation
    • Eczema & Rosacea – used topically
    • Hair Growth – used topically
  • Nutrition (per 1/2 cup):
    • Protein: 2.4 g
    • Carbs 7.3 g
    • Calcium 140 mg
    • Potassium 410 mg
    • Beta Carotene 4000 ug
    • Niacin 700  ug
  • Early North American uses:
    • Ojibwa – poultice for bruises
    • Cherokee – root tea to lose weight
    • Shakers – poultice for wounds & leave or root tea for upset stomach
  • Folklore:
    • increase desirably to potential lovers & friends – infuse into bath for encouraging inner beauty to shine through
    • Magical use in spells for increasing success in achieving ones goals

 

Growing Evening Primrose

The flower of the Evening Primrose may open before dusk, however the scent of the flower is not released until evening.  It is Native to Canada and the United States.  It is a self seeder so it can be found growing in full sun along rocky roads, in meadows, on dunes and beaches.  It has been naturalized in parts of Europe by Early Settlers transporting seeds back as early as 1614.  I have started mine by seed in the Spring as starters and transplanted them.  They seem to be hardy and though they enjoy full sun, these pictured above are growing in partial shade and are 1 year bloomers (unusual).  I would consider now starting them later in summer or early fall to have them come up as second year plants in spring.

Buy Canadian Evening Primrose Seeds

More Edible Garden Plants 

 

Recommended:


Traditional uses and properties of herbs are for educational purposes only.  This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.  Every attempt has been made for accuracy, but none is guaranteed. Any serious health concerns or if you are pregnant, you should always check with your health care practitioner before self-administering herbs.

Evening Primrose (Oenothera lamarckiana)

by Renee Lindstrom, GCFP – Living in Natures Love Lifestyles @insideawareness.com

EdibleDyetea kettleMortar

Evening Primrose

Also Known as: Sun Cup

Uses:  Culinary,  Herbal, Tea, Medicinal, Poultice, Topical Skin, Hair & Nail Products, Weight-loss

Parts used:  Seeds, Flowers, Leaves, Roots

Preparation:  Fresh, Dried, Tincture, Tea, Flower Essences,  Tea, Juicing, Oil Infusion, Poultice, Skin Wash, Soap-making, Shampoo, Lotions, Ointments, Infused Water

 

Recipes


  • Symbolizes:   Youth, eternal love & memory
  • Language of Flowers meaning:   Inconstancy
  • Associated with: Heart, Solar Plexus and Root Chakras
  • Element:  Water
  • Governed by:  Moon

The Evening Primrose is native to North and South America and became naturalized in Europe with early travelers packing seeds home.  It quickly became a Victorian favorite.  It blooms in the afternoon and at night or on a darken, cloudy day.

The Evening Primrose is best known for its medicinal uses and availability in pharmacy isles and lesser known as a food staple for early North American aboriginals.  The flowers, leaves and roots are edible and the roots are considered a vegetable similar to Salsify.  Flowers and leaves are used as shoots in salads and the roots as a vegetable.

Health and Wellness

The following are some known conditions Evening Primrose is used for Herbal Remedies and Medicines

  • Nails, Scalp & Hair
  • Female Fertility
  • Impotency
  • Skin
  • Diabetes
  • Pain
  • Rheumatoid of Arthritis
  • Menstrual Pain
  • Menopausal Symptoms
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Irritability
  • Ease Breast Pain
  • Fibrocystic Breasts
  • Blemishes, Dark Circles, Age Spots & Wrinkles
  • Hormones
  • Endometriosis
  • Fibrocystic Breasts
  • Breast Inflammation

As a Flower Essence 

The flower essence of the Evening Primrose is used for transforming emotions.  It is sometimes used for early core emotional conditions manifested in utero when the baby was not wanted or after birth when baby did not bond well with mother.  It can also be used with the a core emotional condition that resulted from not being supported in one’s independence in a way that built self-confidence and self-esteem.

Evening Primrose Flower Essence soothes full moon tension and calms emotions.  It supports increasing one’s self-confidence of their own intuition, expressing their emotions and sexuality to create long-lasting relationships.


This post may contain Affiliate Links for your convenience, thank you in advance for your support!  Renee

Buy Canadian Evening Primrose Seeds

 

Read more:

The following book has an interesting history of the Evening Primrose Plant and how it travelled to Europe!


Traditional uses and properties of herbs are for educational purposes only.  This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.  Every attempt has been made for accuracy, but none is guaranteed. Any serious health concerns or if you are pregnant, you should always check with your health care practitioner before self-administering herbs.